National Plans of Action - Seabirds

7he International Plan of Action for Reducing Incidental Catch of Seabirds in Longline Fisheries (IPOA-Seabirds) was developed by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) in 1998. The plan encourages all FAO member countries to implement their own National Plans of Action (NPOA-Seabirds).

In terms of the IPOA-Seabirds, countries first assess the seabird by-catch problem within their fisheries and/or within their coastal waters.  If a bycatch problem is found to exist, each country should then develop and implement its own National Plan of Action (NPOA-Seabirds), based on the recommendations listed in the IPOA-Seabirds.

A list of formally adopted NPOA-Seabirds and of equivalent and related documents follows.

FAO DOCUMENTS

Brothers, N.P., Cooper, J. & Løkkeborg, S. 1999.  The Incidental Catch of Seabirds by Longline Fisheries: Worldwide Review and Technical Guidelines for Mitigation.  FAO Fisheries Circular No. 937.  101 pp.

FAO 1999.  International Plan of Action for Reducing Incidental Catch of Seabirds in Longline Fisheries.  International Plan of Action for the Conservation and Management of Sharks.  International Plan of Action for the Management of Fishing Capacity. Rome:  Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.  26pp.

Løkkeborg, S. & Thiele, W. 2004.  Report of the FAO/Birdlife South American Workshop on Implementation of NPOA–Seabirds and Conservation of Albatrosses and Petrels.  Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Valdivia, Chile, 2–6 December 2003.  FAO Fisheries Report No. 751.  32 pp.

FAO 2008.  Report of the Expert Consultation on Best Practice Technical Guidelines for IPOA/NPOA–Seabirds Bergen, Norway, 2–5 September 2008.  FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Report No. 880.  37 pp.

FAO 2009.  Best Practices to Reduce Incidental Catch of Seabirds in Capture Fisheries.  Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.  49 pp.

ARGENTINA

Consejo Federal Pesquero 2010.  Plan Nacional Para Reducir la Interacción de Aves con Pesquerías en la República Argentina 2010.  139 pp.

AUSTRALIA #

Threat Abatement Plan 2014 for the Incidental Catch (or Bycatch) of Seabirds during Longline Fishing Operations. Canberra: Department of the Environment.  34 pp.

BRAZIL

Neves, T., Olmos, F., Peppes, F. & Mohr, L.V. 2004.  National Plan of Action for the Conservation of Albatrosses and Petrels (NPOA-Seabirds Brazil).  Threatened Species Series No. 2.  Brasilia: Brazilian Institute of Environment and Natural Renewable Resources.  122 pp.

CANADA

Government of Canada 2007.  National Plan of Action for Reducing the Incidental Catch of Seabirds in Longline Fisheries.  Ottawa: Fisheries and Oceans Canada.  29 pp.

Government of Canada 2007.  Plan D'action National Visant à Réduire la Capture Accidentelle d'Oiseaux de Mer par les Palangriers.  Ottawa: Fisheries and Oceans Canada.  32 pp.

[Government of Canada] 2012.  Canada’s Progress Report on the Implementation of Key Actions Taken Pursuant to the National Plan of Action for Reducing the Incidental Catch of Seabirds in Longline Fisheries (March 2007).  Ottawa: Fisheries and Oceans Canada.  19 pp.

[Government of Canada] 2012.  Rapport d'étape du Canada sur la mise en oeuvre des mesures clés prises en vertu du Plan d'action national visant a réduire la capture accidentelle d'oiseaux de mer par les palangriers (mars 2007) Ottawa: Fisheries and Oceans Canada.  20 pp.

CHILE

[Chile 2007].  Plan de Acción Nacional de Chile para mitigar efectos de la pesca de palangre sobre Aves Marinas (PAN-AM) (FIP 2003-21: Informe Final).  Fondo Investagacion Pesquera & Universidad de Austral de Chile.  132 pp.

CHINESE TAIPEI #

Fisheries Agency 2014.  National Plan of Action for Reducing Incidental Catch of Seabirds in Tuna Longline Fisheries.  [Taiwan]: Fisheries Agency, Council of Agriculture.  104 pp.

EUROPEAN UNION

European Commission 2012.  Action Plan for Reducing Incidental Catches of Seabirds in Fishing Gears.  Brussels: European Conmmission  16 pp.

FALKLAND ISLANDS (ISLAS MALVINAS)* #

Sancho, E. 2009.  Falkland Islands National Plan of Action for Reducing Incidental Catch of Seabirds in Trawl Fisheries.  [Stanley]: Falklands Conservation.  40 pp.

Janzen, K., Wolfaardt, A.[C.], Barton, J., Pompert, J. & Brickle, P. 2011.  Falkland Islands National Plan of Action for  Reducing Incidental Catch of Seabirds in Longline Fisheries 2011-2015 an Update.  Stanley: Falkland Islands Government.  26 pp.

[not available on-line, contact ACAP Information Officer for a PDF]

JAPAN #

[Fisheries Agency] 2009.  Japan's National Plan of Action for Reducing Incidental Catch of Seabirds in Longline Fisheries Revised Version.  Fisheries Agency, Government of Japan.  8 pp.

NEW ZEALAND

[Ministry for Primary Industries] 2013.  National Plan of Action – 2013 to reduce the incidental catch of seabirds in New Zealand Fisheries.  Wellington: Ministry for Primary Industries.  59 pp.

SOUTH AFRICA

[Cooper, J., Petersen, S. & Ryan, P.G.] 2008.  South African National Plan of Action for Reducing the Incidental Catch of Seabirds in Longline Fisheries.  Department of Environmental Affairs & Tourism.  32 pp.

SOUTH GEORGIA (ISLAS GEORGIAS DEL SUR)*

Varty, N., Sullivan, B. & Black, A. 2008.  FAO International Plan of Action-Seabirds: an Assessment for Fisheries operating in South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands.  Sandy: Royal Society for the Protection of Birds.  96 pp.

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

National Marine Fisheries Service 2001.  Final United States National Plan of Action for Reducing the Incidental Catch of Seabirds in Longline Fisheries.  Silver Spring: National Marine Fisheries Service.  126 pp.

NOAA Fisheries 2014.  Implementation of the U.S. National Plan of Action for Reducing the Incidental Catch of Seabirds in Longline Fisheries 2014.  [Silver Spring: NOAA Fisheries]  20 pp.

URUGUAY

Domingo, A., Jiménez, S. & Passadore, A. 2006 (online) & 2007 (paper).  Plan de Acción Nacional para Reducir la Captura Incidental de Aves Marinas en las Pesquerías Uruguayas.  Dirreción Nacional de Recurcos Acuáticos.  75 pp.

#Jiménez, S., Pin, O. & Domingo, A. 2015. Plan de Acción Nacional para Reducir la Captura Incidental de Aves Marinas en las Pesquerías Uruguayas, 2015.  In: Domingo, A., Forselledo, R. & Jiménez, S. (Eds).  Revisión de Planes de Acción Nacional para la Conservación de Aves Marinas y Condrictios en las Pesquerías Uruguayas.  Montevideo: Dirección Nacional de Recursos Acuáticos.  pp. 11-79.

#:  updated versions.

Note:  Namibia has produced its NPOA-Seabirds, now awaiting formal adoption and promulgation of regulations.

John Cooper, ACAP Information Officer, 03 September 2015

*A dispute exists between the Governments of Argentina and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland concerning sovereignty over the Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas), South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands (Islas Georgias del Sur y Islas Sandwich del Sur) and the surrounding maritime areas.